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  • Last updated: 18-Nov-2019
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The moral philosophy of isopublic is evolutionary utilitarianism which is stated as, “the greatest equal freedom for the greatest well-being of the greatest number." Meaning the maximum equal freedom of each to exercise their personal evolutionary advantages, i.e. tool-use, cognition, and language, for maximum progress of civilization, all things considered over time. Other terms for evolutionary utilitarianism are “cultural use-inheritance” and “social Spencerism” (after the 19th century English philosopher, Herbert Spencer).Ideology
Another way to express evolutionary utilitarianism is "do, learn, teach." This is the paradigm of progress and, as under evolutionary utilitarianism, about creating optimal social conditions for all to have the greatest opportunity of each to act, assess, and communicate.Ideology
The word "isopublic" is a hybrid of Greek and Latin roots. Iso- from Greek isos meaning "equal" and -public from Latin publicus meaning "of the people; of the state; done for the state," i.e. political society. Thus, isopublic means equal political society, or restated, a society of political equals.Ideology
Isopublic is a state polity with borders, i.e. a nation of laws.Ideology
Isopublic is a state without government, i.e. a self-governing or self-regulating society. The authority of isopublic does not regulate society, the People regulate themselves, meaning one is legally liable for harm done to others, not might do.Ideology
Isopublic is a voluntary state. To become a citizen, one must sign the Compact, the citizen contract and literal social contract containing the totality of public law.Ideology
The Trilibrium is the prime political doctrine of isopublic. The Trilibrium is stated as "equal freedom, equal rule, and equal justice maintained in steady-state equilibrium."Ideology
Isopublic is a state with courts, police, and prisons.Ideology
Isopublic has a national defense comprised primarily of a citizen-militia. There is no standing army in isopublic. A standing army is dangerous to the integrity of the state and liberty. The defense of liberty is too important to delegate to others. With respect to maintaining maximum equal freedom, every citizen has "skin in the game."Ideology
The Eudemic Code is a complete system of morality for isopublic prescribing good conduct in all moral domains, i.e. personal, social, and political morality. Meaning, how one treats oneself, how one treats others, and how the state treats oneself. Eu- from Greek eu meaning "happiness, health, and prosperity," i.e. well-being all things considered over time. -dem- from Greek demos meaning "the People," i.e. civil society. Thus, the eudemic society is to be a fit society in nature, all things considered over time. Click to read the Eudemic Code.Ideology
The political authority of isopublic, called the Tricuria, does not act on the People (i.e. does not interfere in society) except to remedy harm individuals do to others and to perform only those functions that are vital to the viability of the nation. This because the act of regulating society is itself doing harm to the People and denies individuals their right of due process, i.e. it's wrongful to punish for harm individuals might do before harm is actually done.Ideology
In a moral society, political leadership is inclusive of the People. All citizens of the isopublic have an equal chance of serving at the highest level in the Tricuria via the democratic convention of selection by lottery, called sortition. A second step, the Autoselect, is used to put the most competent individuals into the most responsible roles.Ideology
Under the Eudemic Code's 1st Imperative, each person has the unalienable equal rights of selfdom, freedom, and property. Selfdom (i.e. self-dominion, self-ownership, or self-sovereignty) means dominion over one's person (i.e. mind and body). Freedom means freedom to exercise one's personal faculties and includes freedom of speech, religion, education, etc., so long as one doesn't infringe on another's equal freedom. Property, in the Lockean sense, means that you own what you produce mixing your labor with nature. To deny one the product of their labor, of mind and or body, is slavery—socialism, communism, and fascism are based on slavery because they deny an individual’s right to own the products of their labor.Ideology
Allowances of Vital Necessity (under the Eudemic Code) identifies areas whereby the Tricuria is permitted to infringe on the People's 1st Imperative rights, the only areas the state is granted allowance to act on the People by the People. Thus for example, public schools and welfare are not allowed.

The Allowances are preliminary at this time. In an active isopublic, i.e. after a finalized Compact is in effect, the Allowances could be changed by nomothesion.

Allowances of Vital Necessity are as follows:

  • Citizenship (a function of the courts granted by Rite of Citizenship, rescindable for crimes against the state, or voluntarily canceled)
  • Civil Dispute Resolution (via civil adjudication)
  • Criminal Justice (via criminal inquests and prisons)
  • Guardianship (to identify guardians of dependent persons, e.g. children and incompetent adults)
  • Humane Treatment of Sentient Beings (i.e. legal protection for the humane treatment of mammals and other sentient lifeforms)
  • Public Records (i.e. repository of public information)
  • Security of State (e.g. national civilian-militia, intelligence, border security, etc.)
  • The Commons (i.e. steward of natural resources and all jurisdictional nature not privately owned)
  • Titles-in-nature and -property (for facilitating private use and ownership of natural resources, and identifying private property, respectively)
  • The ValEN (for Value Exchange Network), the national monetary system and currency of isopublic which is a digital cryptocurrency based on the principles of true money.
  • The ValEN Tax or V-tax (i.e. a fee on every currency transaction in the economy and sole source of revenue of the Tricuria)
Ideology
The Tricuria, the political authority of isopublic, employs democratic conventions to maintain the integrity of state. Click to read about democratic measures to prevent political corruption and also listed under the Integrity category in this table.Ideology
The administrative division of isopublic is called a demy (pl. demies). Each demy has its own tricuria but the demy tricuria is not able to make law because the Compact is universal law in the isopublic. There is a National or Capital Demy and common demies. The National Demy is the seat of the National Tricuria which houses the State and Defense departments. All demies have their own Justice, Interior, and Fidelis departments.Ideology
The demy (including the National Demy) has a maximum and minimum population. If a demy exceeds the maximum, it must be divided into two demies (like cell mitosis) and if below the minimum must be absorbed by a neighboring demy. Because demies are administrative and not jurisdictional, division or absorption should be mostly transparent to the People. Because demies are only administrative, should a power struggle between demy tricurias occur, something very wrong is afoot.Ideology
It's important that no demy be allowed to exceed the maximum population contained in the Compact (e.g. two million citizens or five million total) to keep the Tricuria at a human scale and responsive to local concerns. The Tricuria is intended to be decentralized with autonomous demies under the universal Compact law. This is especially true of the National Demy which, apart from specific functions (e.g. administering the ValEN, National Grand Courts, etc.) and Departments of Defense and State, it operates like any other demy.Ideology
Isopublic is highly scalable. If the entire world with population of eight billion was a single isopublic and assuming an average demy population of 3.5 million, there'd be about 2,300 demies worldwide under the single universal Compact law. That sounds like a lot, and it is, but given there're about 195 countries today, that's only about 10 divisions per country on average (e.g. the US would divide into about 85 demies and China 400). Thus, a global nomothesion would have a World Citizen Assembly of 7,500 members x 2,300 assemblies or 17 million people voting. Again while that's a big number, consider the 2016 US presidential election had almost 130 million voters.Ideology
Isopublic promotes private mutual aid societies by eliminating interference from the state and tax-funded welfare. The People must rely on family, community, and charity to weather difficult times. Thus, does isopublic strengthen the altruistic virtues of generosity, charity, and compassion. Extended families and community are important in isopublic. So for instance, there'd be no taxpayer subsidized single-motherhood thus encouraging sexual responsibility.Ideology
The Tricuria, as the political authority of isopublic, is the guardian and steward of the Trilibrium. The word is from Latin tres- meaning three and -curia meaning council, court or assembly, which in the case of Tricuria suggests “council, court and assembly,” a reference to the three branches of the Tricuria—the Executive, Judicial, and Citizen Assembly.

Usage: Capitalize Tricuria when referring to the concept or a specific tricuria, e.g. the National Tricuria. Use lower case, tricuria (pl. tricurias), when referring to a non-specific tricuria, e.g. a demy tricuria.
Authority
The Triennial Selectoral is the process by which political leadership is selected. Every three years, individuals are selected from the citizenry by lottery, i.e. sortition. From that group, the most competent are selected to serve as councilors by their peers in a 2-day event called the Autoselect.Authority
Councilors are paid at the highest level of compensation in the Tricuria. All councilor are paid identically regardless of type or demy. Cabinet officials are next highest not to exceed 90% the compensation councilors receive. Compensation is set by outgoing executive councilors, thus, they can't receive the benefit of their own increase. Compensation levels are set once every three years. The expectation is for councilors to receive compensation at three or four times the national average.Authority
Able-bodied citizens of any age serve in the Citizen Assembly, but one must be 21 to serve on council with no maximum age. The only requirement for service as a selected official is to be a citizen meaning they've already demonstrated they've read and comprehend the Compact. Any citizen unable to serve if selected receives a deferment. Any individual deemed mentally incompetent would need to have their legal status changed to dependent person thus removing their citizen status. It's essential that the widest cross section of citizens be included and no filtering or prejudicing of selection be allowed.Authority
Each demy conducts a triennial selectoral lottery which selects a statistically significant random sample size multiplied by nine from the citizenry (called citizens-select). For example, given a demy with 1,000,000 citizens, the selectoral sample size is 1,100 x 9 or 9,900 citizens-select. From this group, councilors are selected in an autoselect. Everyone not selected for council service serve on the assembly. Assuming this citizen population, there'd be a 1% chance of being selected every three years, 10% chance over thirty years, and 25% over a lifetime for someone becoming a citizen at age 15 and living to be age 90.Authority
The Autoselect is the second step of the Triennial Selectoral and is used to assign the most responsible roles (i.e. executive and judicial council seats) to the most competent in the opinion of their peers. The Autoselect is a 2-day event over which all those selected in the Lottery by demy convene for a 3-round selection process. For each round, the citizens-select are randomly divided into groups of nine for a 3-hour mutual interview session. At the end of the session, each ranks from most to least preferred the other eight in the group. For each round, the groups are randomly assigned such that no two individuals participate in the same group twice.

After the third round on the second day, the rankings are published. Starting with the highest ranked individuals (i.e. having the lowest score of 3 x 8 or 24), the council seats are filled beginning with the executive councils (National first followed by each demy council), then judicial councils (National Court-of-courts first, then the demy courts-of-courts, and finally, the remaining court council seats by demy). All those not selected for council then serve on the respective assembly by demy.
Authority
With respect to starting-up an isopublic, an estimated minimum citizen population of 4,000 is needed to support a minimal Tricuria. Meaning, the minimum-sized viable isopublic might be around 10,000 population including children and non-citizen residents (i.e. legal independent residents).Authority
The Executive Branch of the Tricuria is divided into five departments—Justice, Interior, Fidelis, State, and Defense. All demies, including the National Demy, have the Judicial, Interior, and Fidelis departments. Only the National Demy has the State and Defense departments. Each department is governed by a department council of nine members. The department councils combine to form the executive councils with the National Council having 45 members and demy councils 27 members.

When a councilor is serving on council (National, demy or department), they act on their own conscience, not as part of a group. For example, when a Defense Department councilor is serving on the National Council, they're not part of the Defense Council per se, meaning they vote as an individual member of the National Council, i.e. the Defense Department Council doesn't act as a block with respect to National Council votes.
Authority
The five departments of the Tricuria executive branch perform the following general missions:

  • The Justice Department administers the police and prisons. Justice supports the courts by providing investigators, executing courts orders, etc.
  • The Interior Department administers to facilities, prepares budgets, parks, the Commons. The National Interior Department oversees the state monetary system, the ValEN.
  • The Fidelis Department acts as internal affairs and police of the police. Fidelis performs audits and acts as the citizen ombudsman. Fidelis also administers the Triennial Selectoral.
  • The State Department is responsible for international affairs and maintains the diplomatic corp.
  • The Defense Department is responsible for national defense and security. Defense is also responsible for border security.
Each department is divided into offices. Each office is run by a director who sits on the department cabinet and answers directly to the department council.
Authority
The political organization of isopublic is highly decentralized. Each demy council has authority over its own demy tricuria. The National Council has authority over the capital tricuria and those functions expressly limited by the Compact nationally such as national defense, foreign affairs, national security, national currency. Common demy tricurias are to be expressly prohibited from engaging in these functions.Authority
The principle political bodies that govern the Tricuria are executive councils, judicial councils, and citizen assemblies. All serve on a 3-year term with councilors serving full-time and assembly members on an as-called basis. Councils are either by demy or the National Council seated in the capital demy. National Councilors are selected from the highest autoselect-ranked citizen-selects nationally.Authority
The Tricuria Executive Branch is governed by executive councils. Each executive department is governed by a department council with nine members The department councils combine to form the executive council. Thus, a common demy executive council (called a demy council) has 27 members, i.e. the combined demy Justice, Interior, and Fidelis department councils. The National Council has 45 members, i.e. the combined Justice, Interior, Fidelis, Defense, and State department councils.Authority
In isopublic, there are no elections, no elected public officials, no political parties, and no political campaigns.Authority
The Citizen Assembly is a branch of the Tricuria consisting of everyone who didn't get selected for council in the Autoselect. The Citizen Assembly has the power to nullify any executive policy, remove any executive council, cancel a state of emergency, and make the final decision on changes to the Compact. The Citizen Assembly is not a deliberative body, i.e. the Assembly convenes to conduct a vote and that's all. An executive council can dispute any Assembly vote except on the removal of an executive council. A disputed vote goes before the grand courts (demy or National as appropriate) to break the tie.Authority
The Tricuria is to be prohibited from issuing debt except during a declared state of emergency. The debt issued must be paid within 30 years (i.e. in one generation and 10 service terms).

Debt could be issued either by demy or National tricurias but the issuing tricuria is responsible for repaying the debt from its respective budget.
Authority
Disputes between executive councils and citizen assemblies are resolved by the Grand Courts. The executive council can dispute any vote of the assembly except a vote to remove the council. The Grand Courts mediate disputes and, by final court decision, is the dispute resolved. The disputing assembly and executive council each appoint a team of three to represent their position to appear before the courts. A dispute between the National Assembly and National Council is resolved by the National Grand Courts.Authority
Disputes between demy tricurias including disputes between the National Council and common demy tricurias are resolved by the National Grand Courts acting as mediators.Authority
In the isopublic, there is a general separation of science and state. The only science to be conducted by the Tricuria (i.e. with public funds) is under the Security of State Allowance, i.e. for national security and defense. There's to be no social science funding and no educational funding except under the Security of State Allowance. Science in isopublic is to be pursued by private interests, and only so far as it remains lawful and doesn't do harm or endanger the security of the state, meaning that under the Security of State Allowance, science can be regulated by the National Council and associated National department councils.Authority
Because political honorifics (e.g. The Honorable, Your Honor, Your Grace, etc.) suggest status and hierarchy, there are to be no political honorifics used in the isopublic. Personal honorifics such as Dr., Prof., Ms. are allow for councilors and assembly members.

Titles of political leadership roles in the Tricuria are: Member (those serving on a citizen assembly), Councilor or Executive-councilor (those serving on a demy council or National Council), and Judge or Judge-councilor (those serving on a judicial council, i.e. court panel).
Authority
Foreign affairs are to be under the direct authority of the State and Defense Departments of the National Tricuria and under the ultimate authority of the National Council. The State Department includes a foreign service which employs diplomats. No policies are to be adopted that restrict imports or exports except under the Security of State Allowance.International
No oaths, affirmations or swearing-ins are to be performed in courtrooms or any official functions of the Tricuria. Giving testimony to the Tricuria is to be with the acknowledgement of committing perjury by communicating any false-factual information or by omission. All information (e.g. testimony, exhibits, etc.) must be factually correct and complete to the best of one's knowledge. In the isopublic, any deliberate falsification or omission when giving official testimony is to be a criminal offense.Law
Religious observances (e.g. prayers, rituals, etc.) are to be prohibited from all official Tricuria functions.Law
The Compact is to be the political contract between independent persons with citizens the principle signatories. In isopublic, the Compact is to be a literal social contract containing the totality of public law. Because Compact law is principle-based law, no case law or precedence, and there are fewer laws, the Compact is expected to be the length of a short novel. The Compact is conceptual and not drafted as of this date.Law
In the isopublic, only citizens are to be allowed to own land (i.e. a title-in-land) or have title to natural resources (via title-in-nature). This is a necessary measure to maintain the security of state and make more land available to citizens.Law
A parceloid is a legal tract of privately-owned land in isopublic. A parceloid is a parcel (i.e. 2-D boundary) plus "100 above and below" (i.e. space 100m above and below the datum surface). Thus, a property owner is legally entitled to do all that one wills within the parceloid such that no nontrivial, nonconsensual effect is done to any space beyond the parceloid boundaries.Law
Every court proceeding is subject to two appeals, one per party. Thus, there are a maximum number of three trials on any given case. By final court decision (FCD) means the final judgment of the last court decision after appeals are exhausted.Law
XXXCivil disputes in isopublic are to be resolved in a three step process-1) direct resolution, 2) 3rd-party mediation, and 3) binding adjudication. In order for courts to arbitrate a dispute, one or both parties must file a Record of Mediation produced from mediation. Arbitration is binding after both parties exhaust their one appeal, if desired. As with all court proceedings by the Tricuria, parties each have the right of one appeal. Court councils are mandated to achieve the most equitable decision which might not satisfy either party but is intended to re-equilibrate social disharmony. Arbitration in the isopublic is for the courts to act as "mediators of last resort."Law
Courts consist of panels of court councilors selected by the Triennial Selectoral and serve a 3-year term. They are expected to be competent amateurs.Law
Criminal trials are based on inquisitorial process and performed by court councils acting as judge, jury, and prosecution. Adversarial court processes (i.e. with defense and prosecution lawyers) are regressive justice, i.e. the rich get justice, not the poor. All criminal defendants receive one appeal, as well as the victim.Law
The Compact is modified by nomothesia, the legislative process of the Tricuria. There's no dedicated legislative body in the Tricuria. A single instance of nomothesia is a nomothesion which involves three steps. Step 1 of a nomothesion is for a National Councilor to introduce a new measure, i.e. a nomothesis, in the National Council. There must be a seconded motion to initiate a nomothesion. The measure is then debated and on a 2/3rd majority 'yes' vote goes to Step 2. The National Grand Courts perform Step 2 of a nomothesion. The Compact is "prosecuted" by the courts with the pro nomothesis team acting as the "prosecution" and opposition team acting as the "defense" (i.e. in defense of the Compact as it is). This is the only adversarial court process in isopublic—the others being criminal inquests and civil adjudications. By final court decision of the National Grand Courts after both sides exhaust their appeal on a 2/3 majority 'yes' vote does the nomothesis go to Step 3. The National Assembly (i.e. combined demy assemblies) conduct an up/down vote. By a 2/3 majority 'yes' vote is the Compact changed and the nomothesis becomes law.Law
No victimless crimes in isopublic. Consensual activities traditionally considered vices are legal, i.e. legal activities are drug possession, manufacture and distribution, prostitution, gambling, etc. Restrictions on dependent persons apply. Law
No capital punishment in isopublic, i.e. no death penalty, in the form of execution because of the risk of executing an innocent person. One can receive a life sentence for committing murder or treason. Anyone receiving a life sentence is given the option of voluntary humane suicide at anytime while serving their sentence.

Because murder cannot be remedied the victim unable to forgive, murder must be treated as a life for a life. This, because murder means the murderer acted with intent or knowingly to cause the death of another. Death due to gross negligence should not receive a life sentence though the victim can't be remedied there must be recognition the death was not intentional.

Treason receives a life sentence under the Security of State doctrine. Anyone who commits treason has done grievous harm to national security and represents a serious risk of doing future harm.
Law
Assisted suicide is legal in isopublic so long as ample documentation is presented to courts proving individual was an independent person of sound mind and not acting under duress. For example, a father chooses to sell his organs to help his family and undergoes assisted suicide. So long as the father meets the legal requirement of providing his informed, express consent, this situation would be legal as a matter of the father's equal right of selfdom to choose suicide.Law
Voluntary donation of organs for money is legal in the isopublic so long as ample documentation is presented to courts proving individual is an independent person of sound mind and not under duress by others. Thus, organ shortage are expected to not exist in isopublic.Law
Right of privacy is protected under a standard of reasonable expectation of privacy including privacy of mind, e.g. thoughts, dreams, etc. By reasonable expectation as in decided by final court decision. For instance, doxxing is likely a privacy violation since though address information might be public information, publishing it on social media violates the reasonable expectation of privacy standard.Law
Blackmail is not explicitly illegal in isopublic but depends on other factors. For instance, blackmail becomes illegal if it involves violating a person's reasonable expectation of privacy, e.g. hidden camera, wiretap, etc. However, blackmail over a public activity could be legal. Revealing factual information with no expectation of privacy would be legal. What constitutes a "reasonable expectation" of privacy is by final court decision.Law
Right of self-defense is guaranteed. All independent persons are permitted to own guns and other weapons for civil defense, i.e. rightful self-defense or to defend others. Under the Security of State doctrine, no military-grade weapons are permitted, e.g. no automatic weapons, no cannons, no grenades, no armed vehicles, etc. The National Defense Council maintains the list of controlled weapons. Since all citizens are members of the militia, all able-bodied citizens receive firearms safety and use training.Law
Fraud is illegal in isopublic. Any false-factual information that the courts would reasonably confuse as factual is illegal. If the false-factual information is distributed with intent, knowingly, or with gross negligence, a crime has been committed. If convicted, the responsible and or enabling parties are sentenced to prison. Examples of false-factual information are deepfakes, fraudulent claims, fraudulent signatures, etc.Law
Title-of-easement (which can be added on to any title, e.g. title-in-land, title-in-nature) is used to allow another person not the owner to make use of the property. For example, a waterline passing through a parceloid would require a title-of-easement. Roads, overhead powerlines, underground fiber optic, etc. Title-of-easement acts as a contract between the property owner and easement holder. Easement transfers with property, i.e. the buyer must consent to the easement as a condition of buying the land.Law
No eminent domain except under the Security of State doctrine. All works (private or public) that impact multiple parceloids must be done with the informed consent of all owners. An impact is defined as any nontrivial, objective affect that is caused by a person, i.e. not a natural effect. Any such effect would require a title-of-easement.Law
No one-sided contracts. Isopublic is essentially a contracting society, i.e. all nontrivial exchange is based on a contract whether explicit or implied. It's the contract that, if taken to court, the courts adjudicate (if mediation fails). Contracts can be for marriage, employment, terms of service on a social media site, etc. Compact law under principles of contracts must specify that contracts be equitable and not contain egregious one-sided clauses. The courts are to invalidate such clauses and render an equitable decision. One-sided contracts create zero-sum outcomes—the isopublic is a positive-sum society.Law
All court decisions are by blind vote where each judge places a flat stone with an indentation or other physical mark, one denoting "guilt" the other "innocence" into a special bag the bailiff takes to each. There is no private deliberation. The judges must make their decision in the courtroom. These measures are meant to promote voting of conscience and to eliminate any influence of an "alpha" judge.Law
Each demy has a court-of-courts (CoC) which acts as the administrative body over the demy courts. The Court-of-courts is not a supreme court, i.e. it has no authority over the decisions of other courts but instead sets courtroom policy, budgets, etc. CoCs are grand courts, i.e. with 27 judge-councilors. The CoC tries cases of judge-councilor misconduct. There is a National CoC which acts similarly to a demy CoCs but only with respect to national courts. The National CoC serves as the one of the courts for nomothesions.Law
All meetings of councils, assemblies, and autoselects are to be held in physical location and not remotely (e.g. not over Internet or intranet). The potential of a vote being hacked is too great. Thus for example, a vote by the National Assembly means all demy assemblies must assemble at their respective convention hall or arena.Integrity
The Triennial Selectorals are to be transparent and open to public scrutiny. The Selectoral Lottery is to use open-source code for identifying councilor-selects and the results must be available for review.Integrity
National defense of isopublic is a militia-based military. There is no standing army per se. The model is generally inspired by the military of Switzerland. 2% maximum force strength is professional, full-time military with 98% force strength citizen-militia. All citizens of isopublic, male and female, are de facto members of the militia upon signing the Compact. Combat-grade weapons stored in community armories.Integrity
Paranomon (in Greek meaning "beside the law") means to propose a new law or change to existing law that conflicts or corrupts existing law that will not be superseded. Paranomon can be accused by any sitting member of the National Council or the National Grand Courts (participating in the nomothesion). Such a charge stops the nomothesion until the matter is resolved by a separate slate of grand courts whereby the courts conduct an inquest. Conviction of paranomon carries a heavy penalty and is regarded as a political crime.Integrity
Euthyna is an audit conducted on all outgoing executive councilors and cabinet members for improper financial activities. Audits are performed by the Fidelis Department. In the event there is evidence of official wrongdoing, Fidelis files the complaint with the courts to conduct an inquest. Conviction of euthyna is an official crime.Integrity
Apophasis are special investigations by the courts into official misconduct. An apophasis can be called by an assembly or executive council. An apophasis involving the National Council must be performed by the National Court of Courts and a demy council by the Court of Courts of that demy. If concern over the objectivity of local demy courts, the apophasis can be conducted by a grand court from another demy. Apophasis court councilors can investigate themselves or use Fidelis Dept. staff. If the apophasis involves national security, the investigating council members are granted the highest level of security clearance.Integrity
All members of the National Council possess the highest level of security clearance in the Tricuria (i.e. "Level 1" clearance). No Tricurian staff have equal clearance. Thus, the National Council can meet in complete secrecy. National councilors have access to all activities of the Tricuria, i.e. no official information can be withheld from a national councilor without committing an official crime. The Fidelis Dept. is responsible for maintaining internal security.Integrity
Term limits of three years no more than once in 30 years for councilors, assembly members and cabinet-level posts.Integrity
Two legal classifications of person-independent and dependent. A legally independent person is someone capable of acting responsibly in society which also means able to comprehend the Compact. Since the Compact is the law of the land and one must agree to the terms and conditions therein, i.e. itself a contract, to be independent in the isopublic means having read and comprehending the Compact. A dependent person is someone not able to act in a legally responsible manner, i.e. unable to comprehend the consequences of their actions, e.g. children or mentally incompetent adults. The dependent person must have a Certificate of Guardianship signed by an independent person.Personhood
The Rite of Independence (RoI) is a court process (likely petit courts), that grants a dependent person independent person status. The dependent person must demonstrate to the court they've read and comprehend the Compact. If the court denies the request, the decision can be appealed once. This process is how a minor is able to become a legal adult in the isopublic. There is no age of consent per se but is on a case by case basis. This in recognition that everyone matures at a different rate.Personhood
Immigration in isopublic is a private matter generally, i.e. there is no state-sponsored immigration. Immigrants are able to reside in isopublic upon invitation by a citizen-sponsor and the immigrant is issued a visa. Because there's no public welfare or assistance in isopublic, immigrants must be able to support themselves or rely on assistance from private parties. If the immigrant is convicted of a crime, they are to serve their prison sentence and pay damages, if necessary and possible, then are deported. The citizen-sponsor might be held financially liable to pay damages. The Tricuria is permitted to restrict immigration under the Security of State doctrine if there is a credible threat to national security—which itself can be overruled by vote of the National Assembly.Personhood
Abortion is legal in isopublic up to the first day of the third trimester, i.e. the Day of Attainment. Attainment is when the fetus attains legal personhood as a dependent person. Attainment is intended to be near but prior to the onset of sentience which seems to occur well into the third trimester. Sentience being defined as the capacity to suffer (as opposed to only a pain response).Personhood
A dependent female (e.g. teenager with guardians and a Certificate of Guardianship) who becomes pregnant can't obtain an abortion without guardian consent. She has the option of petitioning the courts to grant her independent status then make her own choice. No abortion service provider is legally permitted to perform an abortion on a dependent person without guardian permission.Personhood
Anyone visiting the isopublic (e.g. a tourist) must either read, consent and sign the limited Compact for non-citizens else must be under the sponsorship of a citizen-sponsor. For example, an adult traveling to the isopublic on vacation would either sign the non-citizen Compact or perhaps a tour guide owner (and citizen) would act as the tourist's legal sponsor.Personhood
Biological mother is de facto guardian of offspring. Biological father must be added as a guardian to Certificate of Guardianship with mother's consent. If mother is a dependent person, her guardians (e.g. parents) become de facto guardians of her offspring. Courts can rule mother is acting as an independent person thus making her the sole guardian. Father has no financial responsibility for her mother's pregnancy meaning females are the financially responsible party. Thus, important that any woman who could become pregnant either has an agreement with the father (e.g. marriage contract) or is able to take care of the child herself. The Tricuria is guardian of last resort should the mother be unable to care for the child.Personhood
Adoption is simply a matter of changing the guardian names on the Certificate of Guardianship, i.e. transfer of guardianship. Courts might be required to approve the change (as a matter of policy). Children can be bought and sold, i.e. pay for change in guardianship, however, the courts are to hold guardian responsible for doing harm to their ward.Personhood
Vaccines for dependent persons (e.g. infants) are illegal in isopublic by right of selfdom unless proven to be 100% safe for those dependents receiving the vaccine. This because a dependent person can't by definition give informed consent to the risk of an adverse vaccine reaction. The exceptions would be 1) there is an overwhelming threat the dependent will become infected by a life or limb threatening disease, or 2) a disease that threatens the state under the Security of State doctrine. If an administered vaccine causes a nontrivial harm to the dependent, the vaccine giver / producer would be required to remedy by the courts and likely face criminal penalties.

In general in the isopublic, if harm is done intentionally, knowingly or due to gross negligence in the opinion of the courts, a crime has been committed. It's immoral under the Eudemic Code and will be illegal under Compact law to do harm to someone to prevent injury or death by disease. Disease is an act of nature and tragic, but vaccine injury is a deliberate act by a human hand and would be treated as a crime. That even if the harm is not intentional, harm done knowingly or out of gross negligence both still qualify as criminal in the isopublic.
Personhood
Circumcision (male or female) for dependent persons (e.g. infants) is generally illegal in isopublic. This because circumcision is a body alteration requiring informed consent by the individual by right of selfdom. And, by definition, dependent persons are unable to give their informed consent. The only exception to a general prohibition of circumcision, or any body alteration of dependents, is for medical necessity.Personhood
The Commons consists of all natural resources within the political boundaries or jurisdiction of isopublic either not contained in a privately owned parceloid or crossing multiple parceloid boundaries (e.g. streams, air, sunlight, aquifers, lakes, etc.). The Tricuria acts as the steward of the Commons and the trustee for making the Commons usable by the citizenry via titles in nature.Nature
Only citizens can own land and a maximum amount of land (i.e. the land allotment). The maximum amount of land to be established as the amount that could be reasonably farmed. Land allotments can be combined to allow groups of individuals to own more land in common but not single individual would be able to exceed the maximum. This policy prevents the "Ted Turner effect" whereby a single very wealthy individual owns entire counties (i.e. demies in isopublic) making land ownership more equitable, i.e. more available and affordable.Nature
Genetically modified organisms (GMO) aren't illegal in isopublic per se. However, GMOs are treated as property of the producer. So long as the GMO remains within the parceloid of the producer, they're legal. But if they escape and do nontrivial harm to persons or other properties, they become illegal. The courts must then remedy harm done with could include punitive remedy (i.e. prison for the responsible parties) for harm done by their GMOs. Under the Security of State doctrine, GMOs can be regulated if in the opinion of the National Council they represent a threat to the security of the state.Nature
A title-in-nature is the legal instrument by which citizen(s) are able to claim and make use of a natural resource in the Commons. The claim must be specified and only so expansive that the title holder is able to practically make use of, i.e. no claims on resources the applicants can't reasonably act upon or more than for specified uses. The courts act as trustees for the citizenry representing their interests. Titles-in-nature can't create a conflict with prior titles-in-nature and no prior title can be used to obstruct a claim that doesn't conflict.Nature
Eudemic society is the civil society of isopublic operating under the moral philosophy of evolutionary utilitarianism and system of morality, the Eudemic Code.Society
Private property is a fundamental isopublican right. Property being in the Lockean tradition, i.e. "Whatsoever then he removes out of the state that nature hath provided, and left it in, he hath mixed his labour with, and joined to it something that is his own, and thereby makes it his property." All property derives from this principle. Employment still holds but the laborer has consented to the product of his labor transferring to their employer for a wage, i.e. no such thing as "wage slavery," i.e. denying a person the product of their labor, which Marxists and other collectivists do, is actual slavery.Society
"Cancel-culture" so-called, where social media is used to attack a person's social capital, income, etc. is not illegal in isopublic explicitly but does come with legal risks that should greatly mitigate the phenomenon. Cancel-culture is in isopublic generally immoral under the Golden Maxim which holds laissez-faire (i.e. live and let live) as a virtue. But under the Compact law of isopublic, publishing false-factual information, i.e. defamation, is a violation as is harassment and interference with another's equal freedom. Given that justice is a public good in isopublic, i.e. available to all, and doing harm to someone wrongfully is unlawful, anyone engaging in cancel-culture would take considerable legal risk, either with civil or criminal penalties.Society
Do no harm principle enacted in law. Violators are punished for harm done, not for harm that might be done, i.e. the unregulated society. Regulation is a violation of due process, i.e. violators are denied due process and punished for potential, not actual harm.Society
No compulsory education, i.e. the separation of school and state.Society
Religious freedom so long as religion practiced as a personal faith, i.e. no theocracy or theocratic political influence, i.e. the separation of church and state. Note that just because religious references are not permitted or recognized by the Tricuria, that doesn't mean it endorses atheism. Just that it must remain neutral on the question. Thus, there are no religious representations or displays on public property or during official functions.Society
The question of Islam remains open. Is Islam and isopublic compatible? It seems every major religion can be practiced as a personal faith except Islam. Islam is theocratic and explicitly desires to force the world into submission with violence. Furthermore, the Quran tells Muslims to lie to non-Muslims (Taqiyya). Islam represents a credible threat to the security of any non-Muslim state. Accordingly, under the Security of State doctrine, the current position is for Islam to be banned from isopublic. All other religions are welcome (so long as the religion is practiced as a personal faith).Society
Legal person categories are dependent and independent person. A dependent person is one that is mentally unable to act responsibly in society, i.e. not able to competently comprehend consequences of actions. A dependent person must have a Certificate of Guardianship (CoG). A CoG is obtained at the time an fetus reaches the Day of Attainment. Dependent persons can't enter contracts but guardians can on their behalf. Guardians are legally liable for the actions of their wards. By final court decision, a person can be ruled dependent or independent.Society
Dependent persons can't participate or be exposed to sexually explicit material that is deemed by the courts to be nonessential to the dependent's health. Because sexual activity involves serious risk and is to be deemed a life-choice, dependent persons are prohibited from engaging in sexual activity. Depictions of dependent person sexual activity (e.g. child porn) are legal so long as no actual dependent person is involved or accesses.Society
Pollution is illegal in isopublic. Pollution is any non-natural substance that causes a nontrivial, nonconsensual and measurable harmful effect on another's person or property would be remedied by the Tricuria. If the violation is considered to be caused with intent, knowingly, or from gross negligence, the responsible parties are to be subjected to an inquest and, if convicted by final court decision, there's to be both civil and punitive remedies, i.e. civil damages up to three times and prison.Society
The national currency in isopublic is the ValEN (for Value Exchange Network) and value (for value exchange unit). The ValEN is administered by the National Council under the National Interior Council.Economy
Laissez-faire capitalism is the economic system of isopublic, i.e. the separation of economy and state.Economy
Isopublican money is "true money." True money is based on three operating principles—a constant sum of currency units, demurrage, and digital crytography. The purpose of true money is to provide the most accurate price information to economic actors, thus the name "true money." The constant sum, called the Grand Sum, prevents price distortions due to inflation and deflation. The demurrage fee is charged by the Tricuria in the form of a tax on valens that haven't been transferred after a set period of time (e.g. annually, quarterly, maybe monthly) to promote currency circulation to reduce speculation and hoarding which both practices increase price volatility. Finally, the ValEN is a cryptocurrency administered centrally by the National Interior Department.

The similarity between Bitcoin and the ValEN is both are cryptocurrencies, but Bitcoin is persistent, has a changing total of bitcoins in circulation (though more static over time), and has no demurrage. Bitcoin has the properties of digital gold. The demurrage fee assures that currency isn't accumulated by the wealthy, and in Bitcoin's case early adopters, which is why Sound Money (e.g. gold and silver coins) is value regressive and more harmful to the poor.

Bitcoin and all forms of digital currency would be illegal in isopublic since they compete with the ValEN and take revenue from the Tricuria. Thus, if one consents to be physically in the isopublic, one agrees by signing the Compact to not use other forms of digital money for all enpolity transactions.

The ValEN is intended to be open source. The ValEN is to be anonymous such that the Tricuria can only gain access to a user's account by court order based on probable cause. A ValEN user account is to be considered private property.
Economy
Commodity money (e.g. gold and silver coins) is legal tender in isopublic, however, all transactions using commodity money must be by transferring the physical money. Using commodity-money proxies or redeemable notes are to be illegal.Economy
The Tricuria has one source of revenue, the ValEN Tax or V-tax. The V-tax is a charge that is applied to every valen transfer. The National Council sets the statutory rate each based on forecasted Tricuria spending over the coming year. Because the cost of the Tricuria is relatively low and the V-tax is spread over the entire economy, the statutory rate is low, i.e. estimated to be 1% or less. In the event of a state of emergency, the statutory rate might be increased until the costs are covered.Economy
Tricuria prohibited from enacting trade sanctions. The only trade restrictions are those justified under the Security of State doctrine.Economy